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Autor: Arianna Borrelli
Titel: Aspects of the Astrolabe 'Architectonica ratio' in tenth- and eleventh-century Europe
Verlag: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN/ISSN: 9783515094849
Auflage: 1
Preis : CHF 48.00
Erscheinungsdatum:
Inhalt
Kategorie: Geschichte
Sprache: English
Technische Daten
Seiten: 272
Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen/DRM
Geräte: PC/MAC/eReader/Tablet
Formate: PDF
Inhaltsangabe
The astrolabe - often quoted as 'the earliest computer' - is a mechanical instrument capable of performing astronomical computations. This study offers a new interpretation of its role in the Latin culture of the High Middle Ages, highlighting its epistemological significance. For Latin scholars around the year 1000, the astrolabe became the earliest, non-verbal channel to access and assimilate mathematical knowledge from the Arabic culture, and could be seen as representing a divine 'architectonical rationality' which humans could share in the mathematical experience.
The novel methodology of this work combines the results of historical and philological analyses of manuscripts and material sources with the most recent insights on different kinds of mathematical thinking. Focussing on drawings and text fragments, with a new, detailed analysis of ms. Paris BnF 7412 (11th c.), the study reconstructs the Latin high medieval mathematical experience, its non-verbal modes of communication and its relationship with both practice and philosophy.
Inhaltsverzeichnis
CONTENTS6
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES13
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS15
1 INTRODUCTION17
2 MATHEMATICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF THE ASTROLABE28
3 SOURCES AND RESULTS OF PREVIOUS RESEARCH64
4 NON-WRITTEN AND NON-VERBAL MODES OF COMMUNICATION IN THE DIFFUSION OF ASTROLABE KNOWLEDGE100
5 THE PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE ASTROLABE159
6 SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK: THE ASPECTS OF THE ASTROLABE IN TWELFTH-CENTURY EUROPE215
7 APPENDIX A: ELEVENTH- AND TWELFTH-CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS CONTAINING ASTROLABE TEXTS AND/OR DRAWINGS227
8 APPENDIX B: THIRTEENTH-, FOURTEENTH-, AND FIFTEENTH-CENTURY MANUSCRIPTS CONTAINING ELEVENTH- AND TWELFTH-CENTURY ASTROLABE TEXTS234
9 APPENDIX C: ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS WORK TO INDICATE ELEVENTH-CENTURY ASTROLABE-RELATED TEXTS AND DRAWINGS239
10 APPENDIX D: MOST DIFFUSED TWELFTH-CENTURY ASTROLABE TREATISES241
11 APPENDIX E: CONTENTS OF THE MANUSCRIPT PARIS, BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE LAT. 7412, F. 1r23v (11th C.)243
12 APPENDIX F: ASTROLABE ARTEFACTS AND ASTROLABE DRAWINGS DISCUSSED IN THIS STUDY245
13 BIBLIOGRAPHY247
NAME INDEX268
SUBJECT INDEX270