UNDER THE NORTH KOREAN REGIME
CAPTURE OF SEOUL (June 25July 29, 1950)
It was early in the morning on June 25, 1950, when the North Korean Communist forces attacked, crossing into South Korea and rapidly advancing toward Seoul. My family lived in Seoul at that time and knew nothing of what was happening until later that afternoon. Around midday, vehicles with loud speakers drove through the city, calling all of the South Korean soldiers back to their barracks. I was curious as to what might be happening and suspected there was something new but couldnt listen to the radio due to a power outage at the time.
In the early evening, a clerk in our familys store bought a Korean newspaper and informed us that the war had started in Korea. I couldnt believe it at first, but slowly it began to sink in that it was true. The article in the Korean newspaper described the attack by the North Koreans and their use of heavy weapons such as tanks, large caliber guns, and even Russian-made Yak fighters. The Communist forces were nine to ten kilometers south of the 38th parallel on that day.
Later that evening, we had two guests who had been invited to our home the day before. One of them was Mr. Arslan, a man who worked for American Intelligence and was of the same Tatar nationality as us. The other guest was Dr. Idel, a Turkish UN delegate to Korea. Dr. Idel arrived late due to a sudden conference earlier that day. He confirmed the outbreak of the Korean War but did not have much to say about it because everything was still quite vague. Both guests left our house earlier than we expected.
There was a 9:00 p.m. curfew that night, but I left our house after our guests departed around 10:00 p.m. to go back to the Turkish Schoolhouse (it was actually a Tatar schoolhouse but everyone referred to it as Turkish). I was seventeen years old and I lived there with other students. On the way, I was stopped twice by Korean guards. I could have easily been shot and killed, but I reached my destination with no serious trouble.
The Turkish Schoolhouse consisted of many rooms. Also living there was a Korean man with his Japanese wife, another Tatar, and a Polish woman. Both of the ladies moved to the French Consulate for safety. Everyone was excited, and when I arrived we listened to the radio for a long time. The North Korean broadcast said that the South had attacked but the North counterattacked and pushed them eight to ten kilometers south of the parallel, which was a big lie! The South Korean broadcast said that the North had attacked and reported that South Korea had appealed to the UN asking for heavy weapons. It was quite clear to us that if South Korea had started the war, they wouldnt need to appeal for heavy weapons. It was certainly North Korea who had started the war.
I got very little sleep on the night of June 25th, and the next morning I went back to my familys house, where we had our store. During the night, most of the dependents of American Army officers and civilians were evacuated to Japan. Upon hearing this, I s