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Main Data
Editor: Judith Korb, Juergen Heinze
Title: Ecology of Social Evolution
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN/ISSN: 9783540759577
Edition: 1
Price: CHF 226.10
Publication date: 01/01/2008
Content
Category: Sozialwissenschaften
Language: English
Technical Data
Pages: 266
Kopierschutz: DRM
Geräte: PC/MAC/eReader/Tablet
Formate: PDF
Table of contents

The time is ripe to investigate similarities and differences in the course of social evolution in different animals. This book brings together renowned researchers working on sociality in different animals to deal with the key questions of sociobiology. For the first time, they compile the evidence for the importance of ecological factors in the evolution of social life, ranging from invertebrate to vertebrate social systems, and evaluate its importance versus that of relatedness.

Table of contents
Preface5
Contents8
Contributors10
1 The Evolution and Ecology of Cooperation  History and Concepts12
1.1 Introduction: The Historical Puzzle of Cooperation12
1.2 Hamilton and the Foundations of Social Evolution Theory15
1.3 Mechanisms for the Evolution of Cooperation24
1.4 Making the Ecology Explicit30
1.5 Closing Remarks41
References41
2 The Ecology of Altruism in a Clonal Insect48
2.1 Introduction49
2.2 Basic Biology of Aphid Soldiers50
2.3 The Phylogenetic Distribution of Aphid Soldiers51
2.4 Are Aphids Eusocial?52
2.5 Proximate Factors in the Determination of Soldier Aphids55
2.6 A Genetic Factor in the Evolution of Social Aphids: Clonal Mixing56
2.7 Ecological Factors in the Evolution of Social Aphids58
2.8 Conclusions63
References64
3 The Evolutionary Ecology of Eusociality in Australian Gall Thrips: a  Model Clades Approach68
3.1 Introduction69
3.2 A Model Clades Approach to Analyzing Social Evolution70
3.3 Phylogeny71
3.4 Variation in Traits Related to Sociality74
3.5 Scenario for the Origin and Evolution of Soldiers87
3.6 Conclusions90
References91
4 The Ecology and Evolution of Helping in Hover Wasps ( Hymenoptera: Stenogastrinae )95
4.1 Introduction95
4.2 Distinguishing Features of Hover Wasp Biology96
4.3 The Hairy-Faced Hover Wasp as a Model System97
4.4 Ecological Benefits of Helping101
4.5 Individual Variation in Helping Decisions105
4.6 Helping in Hover Wasps Other than L. flavolineata109
4.7 Conclusions: Helping in Stenogastrine and Vertebrate Social Systems  Similarities and Differences112
References114
5 Why are so Many Bees but so Few Digger Wasps Social? The Effect of ProvisioningMode and Helper Efficiency on the Distribution of Sociality Among the Apoidea118
5.1 Introduction119
5.2 Levels of Sociality120
5.3 Body Size and Worker Efficiency122
5.4 Parasitism129
5.5 Conclusions132
References133
6 Social Plasticity: Ecology, Genetics, and the Structure of Ant Societies137
6.1 Social Plasticity137
6.2 The Number of Female Reproductives139
6.3 Partitioning of Reproduction Among Female Sexuals143
6.4 Queen Mating Frequency144
6.5 Colony Size at Maturity145
6.6 Colony Composition147
6.7 Sex Allocation and Worker Reproduction148
6.8 Conclusions150
References152
7 The Ecology of Social Evolution in Termites159
7.1 Introduction: An Overview of Termite Classification and Biology159
7.2 Evolution of Sociality in Termites: the Hunt for a Genetic Explanation162
7.3 A Case Study:163
7.4 Relevance of the Case Study: Comparison with Other Termites168
7.5 Outline for the Evolutionary Transitions in Termites Eusociality170
7.6 Comparison with Cooperatively Breeding Vertebrates173
7.7 Conclusions175
References176
8 Kin-Recognition Mechanisms in Cooperative Breeding Systems: Ecological Causes and Behavioral Consequences of Variation183
8.1 Introduction184
8.2 Kin-Selection Theory186
8.3 Evidence for Kin-Directed Care in Social Systems186
8.4 Principles of Kin Recognition189
8.5 Kin Recognition  the Role of Environmental Factors190
8.6 Consequences of Learned Kin Recognition for Helping Behavior193
8.7 Concluding Remarks196
References197
9 Social Ecology of Horses202
9.1 Introduction202
9.2 Ecology and Social Organization of Feral Horses205
9.3 Environmental Influences on the Group Size of Feral Horses206
9.4 The Ecology of Relationships in Horses207
9.5 Cooperation and Alliances208
9.6 Eavesdropping and Communicative Networks209
9.7 Conclusions210
References210
10 African Mole-Rats: Eusociality, Relatedness and Ecological Constraints214
10.1 Introduction African Mole-Rats: Ecological and Social Diversity214
10.2 Evolutionary Routes to Sociality217
10.3 Eusociality: Definitions and Extent217
10.4 Genetic Structure of Mole-Rat Colonies220
10.5 Ecological Constraints: Aridity and Food Distribution222
10.6 Naked Mole-Ratsthe Only Eusocial Mammal?224
10.7 Concluding Comments226
References227
11 Genetic and Ecological Determinants of Primate Social Systems231
11.1 Introduction231
11.2 Kin Selection232
11.3 Diversity of Primate Social Systems233
11.4 Determinants of Genetic Structure235
11.5 Genetic Structure of Primate Societies236
11.6 Consequences for Social Behavior239
11.7 Discussion241
References244
12 The Ecology of Social Life: A Synthesis250
12.1 Kin Selection, the Key to the Evolution of Social Life250
12.2 Common Patterns Among Social Organisms252
12.3 Sociality Syndromes257
12.4 Future Perspectives259
References261
Index265