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Main Data
Author: Eui-Gak Hwang
Title: The Search for a Unified Korea Political and Economic Implications
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN/ISSN: 9781441915627
Edition: 1
Price: CHF 154.70
Publication date: 01/01/2010
Content
Category: Politik, Gesellschaft, Arbeit
Language: English
Technical Data
Pages: 205
Kopierschutz: DRM
Geräte: PC/MAC/eReader/Tablet
Formate: PDF
Table of contents
North Korea's brinkmanship diplomacy has continued to disturb the world with its seemingly reckless missile testing, as the country's leader, Kim Jong-Il, is rumored to be terminally ill with pancreatic cancer. North Korea appears to be in a state of serious internal crisis not only because its dictatorial system, albeit skillful and ruthless leadership, is inherently unstable, if not skillful and ruthless leadership, but also because the main pillar of Kim Jong-Il's legitimacy is rapidly eroding due to both mass starvations and the exodus of grassroots and mass exodus of the North Korean people into nearby regions. The main objective of this book is to explore the probability of North Korea's implosion, and second to search for a feasible way for Korean reuni?cation as a possible consequence of a big bang event on the peninsula. The geopolitics of the Korean Peninsula is historically very complicated as Korea is bordered and s- rounded by four big powers; namely, China, Russia, Japan, and the United States. Each country has its own varying degrees of political, economic, and military stakes with respect to the Korean Peninsula. Thus, the Land of the Morning Calm has remained divided since 1945 mainly as a result of the domain war among these super powers. As the North nears a turning point, however, there is a new possibility for the two Koreas to reunite if the international environments work in their favor, and if both countries are well prepared to assume reuni?cation.
Table of contents
Acknowledgments6
Introduction8
Contents12
List of Tables16
1 Are Koreans Ideological Victims?17
1.1 The Division and Loss of Indigenous Identity17
1.2 Kim Il-Sungs Miscalculation and the Subsequent Years19
1.3 Brief Retrospect of the North Juche ( Self-Reliant ) Hermit Kingdom21
1.4 Different Roads23
1.5 Mass Starvation Under Plenary Power Elites25
1.6 For Whom the Mourning Bell Tolls?25
1.7 The Shelter for Fearful Leaders26
1.8 Who Will Likely Take Over After Kim Jong-Il?27
2 Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation: The Need forINTtieReciprocity. Does Lopsided Cooperation Soothe theINTtie
2.1 The Definition: Economic Cooperation Versus Bilateral Trade29
2.2 The Historical Outline of Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation32
2.3 The Status of the Inter-Korean Trade33
2.4 Comparison of the Inter-Korean Trade with the North KoreaChina Trade38
2.5 The Determinants of Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation40
2.5.1 The Brief Outline40
2.5.2 Trade, Investment, and Economic Assistance40
2.6 The Effects of the Inter-Korean Economic Cooperation42
2.6.1 The Impacts on the South Korean Economy42
2.6.2 The Impact on the North Korean Economy46
2.7 New Policy Paradigm Under Lee Myung-Baks Leadership?48
2.8 Closing Remarks on Reciprocity Principle49
3 The Strain Policy Versus the Sunshine Policy: A Road toINTtieKorean Unification
3.1 Introduction53
3.2 How Long Will the Red Flag Fly with the Souths Subsidy?56
3.3 What About the Sunshine Policy?59
3.4 What Exacerbates Internal Tensions?62
3.5 Conclusion: Shorten the Regime on the Brink66
4 What if a Big Bang Occurs on the Korean Peninsula?72
4.1 Introduction: What if North Korea Falls?72
4.2 Historical Evolutions of the NorthSouth Korean Relations74
4.3 The Spillover Effects of Perestroika and Glasnost76
4.3.1 Gorbachev Phenomenon and Communist Bloc Change78
4.3.2 Why Does North Korea Refuse Fundamental Change?80
4.4 Can Kim Jong-Ils Regime Last Much Longer?87
4.4.1 Some Scenarios on North Korean Regime Collapse92
4.5 What Will Neighboring Nations Do if North Korea Falls?94
4.5.1 ''Big Bang and the After'' Scenario: Dynamite-Implosion Model96
4.5.2 Chinese Perceptions of the Korean Peninsula97
4.5.3 Chinese Response to the North's Collapse Due to Implosion98
4.5.4 China and North Korea at the Crossroad99
4.5.5 US Policy and the Korean Peninsula101
4.5.6 Japan and the Korean Peninsula106
4.5.7 Russia and the Korean Peninsula109
4.6 How Should Koreans Cope with a Big Bang?111
4.7 Appendix112
5 New World Environment Surrounding Korea115
5.1 Introduction: Misty and Rugged Road to Korean Reunification115
5.2 The DPRK and Obama Administration119
5.3 Will Kim Jong-Ils End Differ from Ceausescus?122
5.4 Will Korean Unification Be Welcome?124
5.5 Leadership Role in German Unification Has a Lesson for Korea130
5.6 Timely Conditions for a Paradigm Shift132
6 The Political Economy of Reunification Betweenthe Two Koreas137
6.1 Introduction137
6.2 A Brief Comparison of Economic Performance Between the Two Koreas139
6.3 The Economics of Guns and Bread147
6.4 The Economics of the Norths Nuclear and Missile Tests152
6.5 The Political Economy of Korean Unification155
7 Policy Priorities for the Unified Korea163
7.1 Introduction163
7.2 Contingency Tasks for a Post-Kim Jong-Il Era167
7.3 Approach for Economic Integration170
7.3.1 Economic and Monetary Integration for the Unified Korea171
7.3.2 Economic Restructuring and Privatization178
7.4 Appendix180
(A) National Reunification and ''Conclusion of Agreements on Traffic, Correspondence and Trade''180
(B) The July 7th Declaration entitled ''Special Declaration for Korean Self-Existence and Prosperous Unification''183
8 International Politics and a Search for Unified Korea186
8.1 Introduction186
8.2 Four Gangs Tug-of-War Politics and the Korean Peninsula188
8.3 What Is the Unification Formula: Option for Colorless State?198
8.4 Concluding Remarks203
Appendix205
Bibliography207
Index211