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Main Data
Author: Olaf Bubenzer, Michael Bollig
Editor: Michael Bollig, Olaf Bubenzer
Title: African Landscapes Interdisciplinary Approaches
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN/ISSN: 9780387786827
Edition: 1
Price: CHF 178.50
Publication date: 01/01/2009
Content
Category: Sozialwissenschaften
Language: English
Technical Data
Pages: 515
Kopierschutz: DRM
Geräte: PC/MAC/eReader/Tablet
Formate: PDF
Table of contents

Landscape studies provide a crucial perspective into the interaction between humans and their environment, shedding insight on social, cultural, and economic topics. The research explores both the way that natural processes have affected the development of culture and society, as well as the ways that natural landscapes themselves are the product of historical and cultural processes.

Most previous studies of the landscape selectively focused on either the natural sciences or the social sciences, but the research presented in African Landscapes bridges that gap. This work is unique in its interdisciplinary scope. Over the past twelve years, the contributors to this volume have participated in the collaborative research center ACACIA (Arid Climate Adaptation and Cultural Innovation in Africa), which deals with the relationship between cultural processes and ecological dynamics in Africa's arid areas.

The case studies presented here come from mainly Sahara/Sahel and southwestern Africa, and are all linked to broader discussions on the concept of landscape, and themes of cultural, anthropological, geographical, botanical, sociological, and archaeological interest. The contributions in this work are enhanced by full color photographs that put the discussion in context visually.

Table of contents
Preface6
Contents8
Contributors11
List of Tables13
List of Figures15
Introduction Visions of Landscapes: An Introduction24
1. ETHYMOLOGY25
2. PERSPECTIVES ON LANDSCAPES38
REFERENCES56
Part I Arid Landscapes: Detection and Reconstruction  Perspectives from Earth Sciences and Archaeology62
Chapter 1 Landscape in Geography and Landscape Ecology, Landscape Specification, and Classification in Geomorphology63
1.1. INTRODUCTION63
1.2. LANDSCAPE IN GEOGRAPHY64
1.3. LANDSCAPE IN LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY66
1.4. SPECIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF LANDSCAPES IN GEOMORPHOLOGY67
1.5. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK73
REFERENCES74
Chapter 2 Towards a Reconstruction of Land Use Potential: Case Studies from the Western Desert of Egypt78
2.1. INTRODUCTION79
2.2. FORMER LAND USE POTENTIAL81
2.3. STUDY AREAS83
2.4. DATA PREPARATION AND EXPLORATIVE STATISTICS86
2.5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION88
2.6. CONCLUSION90
APPENDIX93
REFERENCES95
Chapter 3 Landscape Ecology of Savannas: From Disturbance Regime to Management Strategies99
3.1. THE SAVANNA LANDSCAPE: THEORETICAL BACKGROUND100
3.2. SAVANNA LANDSCAPES AND THE SIGNIFICANCE OF DISTURBANCE105
3.3. HYPOTHESIS OF DISTURBANCE REGIME SIMILARITY108
3.4. DISTURBANCE REGIMES IN SAVANNA LANDSCAPES111
3.5. DISTURBANCE REGIME IN A DEGRADING LANDSCAPE116
3.6. USER-SPECIFIC DISTURBANCE REGIMES116
3.7. PASTORAL-NOMADIC MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES116
3.8. FARMERS MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES117
3.9. SPACE MATTERS: LESSONS OF LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY FOR A SUSTAINABLE RANGE MANAGEMENT IN SAVANNAS118
REFERENCES119
Chapter 4 Quantitative Classification of Landscapes in Northern Namibia Using an ASTER Digital Elevation Model124
4.1. INTRODUCTION125
4.2. THE TERM LANDSCAPE AND ITS USE126
4.3. STUDY AREA AND UNDERLYING DATA126
4.4. METHODOLOGY AND ANALYSIS130
4.5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION132
REFERENCES135
Chapter 5 Risks and Resources in an Arid Landscape: An Archaeological Case Study from the Great Sand Sea, Egypt137
5.1. INTRODUCTION138
5.2. RECONSTRUCTING THE PAST ENVIRONMENT145
5.3. ASPECTS OF LAND USE RESPONDING TO THE LANDSCAPE156
5.4. DISCUSSION AND OUTLOOK169
REFERENCES171
Chapter 6 Resources, Use Potential, and Basic Needs: A Methodological Framework for Landscape Archaeology176
6.1. INTRODUCTION177
6.2. LANDSCAPE-ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEFINITIONS AND METHODOLOGY181
REFERENCES211
Part II State, Power, and Control in Africas Arid Landscapes: Perspectives from the Historical Sciences215
Chapter 7 The  Landscapes of Ancient Egypt: Intellectual Reactions to the Environment of the Lower Nile Valley216
7.1. THE GEOGRAPHICAL POINT OF VIEW217
7.2. TERMINOLOGICAL ASPECTS220
7.3. RIVERINE LANDSCAPE AND DESERT222
7.4. SWAMPS224
7.5. PICTURES AND DECORATIONS226
7.6. LANDSCAPE, MAN, AND GODS235
REFERENCES238
Chapter 8 A Land of Goshen: Landscape and Kingdom in Nineteenth Century Eastern Owambo ( Namibia)240
8.1. READING THE EDGES241
8.2. HUNTING AND TRADITIONS OF ORIGIN246
8.3. THE ORDERING OF THE LANDSCAPE250
8.4. LINEAGES AND LANDSCAPE252
8.5. A LAND OF GOSHEN255
8.6. PLENITUDE AND SCARCITY261
8.7. CONCLUSION266
REFERENCES267
Chapter 9 From the Old Location to Bishops Hill: The Politics of Urban Planning and Landscape History in Windhoek, Namibia270
9.1. INTRODUCTION271
9.2. INDEPENDENCE272
9.3. WINDHOEK HISTORY273
9.4. OLD LOCATION275
9.5. URBAN AREAS ACT FORCED REMOVALS276
9.6. RUN-UP TO INDEPENDENCE281
9.7. POST-INDEPENDENCE283
9.8. URBAN MONUMENTS IN A NEW STATE284
9.9. CONCLUSION287
REFERENCES288
Chapter 10 Landscape and Nostalgia: Angolan Refugees in Namibia Remembering Home and Forced Removals290
10.1. INTRODUCTION291
10.2. STILL IN MANGARANGANDJA292
10.3. REMOVALS AND ANGER295
10.4. MANGARANGANDJA REMEMBERED297
10.5. CONSTRUCTING KAISOSI AND KEHEMU299
10.6. REMEMBERING ANGOLA300
10.7. PAST AND PRESENT303
10.8. THE WAR AND THE END OF INDEPENDENT FARMING304
10.9. FINAL REMARKS306
INTERVIEWS307
REFERENCES308
Part III Identity, Memory, and Power in Africas Arid Landscapes: Perspectives from Social and Cultural Anthropology310
Chapter 11 The Anthropological Study of Landscape311
11.1. INTRODUCTION312
11.2. BACKGROUND: CHANGING VIEWS OF THE LANDSCAPE313
11.3. LANDSCAPES AS TEXTS315
11.4. NATURE AND CULTURE: THE ECOLOGY OF LANDSCAPES316
11.5. URBAN AND OTHER LANDSCAPES319
11.6. MAPPING HISTORY ONTO LANDSCAPES320
11.7. PLACE-NAMES, PLACE-MAKING, AND IDENTITIES324
11.8. EXPERIENCING AND CREATING LANDSCAPES326
11.9. ORIENTATION IN LANDSCAPES328
11.10. THE COLONIAL AESTHETICS OF LANDSCAPES329
11.11. RESISTANCE, DELOCALISATION, GLOBALISATION: WHAT IS HAPPENING TO LANDSCAPES?332
11.12. CONCLUSION334
REFERENCES334
Chapter 12 Kinship, Ritual, and Landscape Amongst the Himba of Northwest Namibia340
12.1. INTRODUCTION341
12.2. METHODS342
12.3. THE HIMBA343
12.4. THE GREAT OKUYAMBERA RITUAL345
12.5. DISCUSSION: LANDSCAPE, RITUAL, AND KINSHIP358
SUMMARY362
REFERENCES363
Chapter 13 The Spectators and the Dwellers Perspectives: Experience and Representation of the Etosha National Park, Namibia365
13.1. INTRODUCTION